The Samovar

An interesting cover from 1885

Gary - 1/7/2006 at 10:43

In 1885, Franz Deschner sent a money letter to Bavaria. He listed his address as S(elo) Neubaden, Odessa uezd. The letter is addressed to (a publisher) Ludwig Auer Cassianeum in Donauwoerth, Bavaria. The letter contained one silver ruble. The sender paid in cash the 15 kop. required to send the letter.

Can someone add information about the sender and addressee or anything else?

It appears that there was no postal station at Neubaden (possibly Evgen'evskoe, Kherson Gub. - K&R 6512 - or a suburb of Odessa. My thanks to Philip for this information). The letter was posted at the Severinovskaya Postal Station, Kherson Gub., on 17 February 1885 (1 March NS). Serial number 1. The wax seals on the reverse are also from this location.

====================front of cover

moneyfront.jpg - 84kB

Gary - 1/7/2006 at 10:45

The back of the cover yields a lot of information about the path traveled by this letter.

Departed Severinovskaya on 19 February 1885. (This mark is K&R #19152 and provides an update to the information presented.)

Arrived in Odessa on 20 February 1885 (serial 6) and departed on 21 February 1885 (serial 8).

Arrived at the Volochinsk P.K., Volynsk. Gub., on 22 February 1885 (serial 1) and departed on 23 February 1885 (serial 1).

Arrived in Augsburg (Bavaria) on 10 March 1885.

==back of cover

moneyback.jpg - 52kB

Gary - 1/7/2006 at 10:47

An enlarged picture of the largest wax seal on the back.

====wax seal

moneyseal.jpg - 45kB

howard - 1/7/2006 at 11:37

In 1880 mail was dispatched from here twice a week. In that year only 70 letters were sent abroad, but no money letters.

oldteddy - 1/7/2006 at 14:42

Gary, could you show one of the corner seals?

Gary - 1/7/2006 at 15:07

Yes. Also I need to revise my description upon a closer look at the wax seals. The four corner seals were not applied at the location the letter was postmarked. The large wax seal is.

moneyseallarge.jpg - 34kB

oldteddy - 1/7/2006 at 16:46

Gary; minor correction: it would be more appropriate to say that the corner seals were not applied by THE POSTAL ESTABLISHMENT but by some other entity (and it was a normal procedure - corner seal by the SENDER, center seal - by the POST OFFICE). It's not clear WHERE those corner seals were applied, may be at the Post Office, in presence of postal officer. May be somebody knows better?

Gary - 1/7/2006 at 17:03

Good point. What I should have said, but did not, was that the smaller seals are different from the larger seal. The latter was applied at the Severinovskaya Postal Station.

jlechtanski - 1/10/2006 at 16:57

Ludwig Auer was an educator and publisher who founded the Cassianeum in Donauworth, Bavaria.

Closing money letters

tbeberger - 1/16/2006 at 16:19

as far as I know money letters were handled the following way. They were given open to a post officer at the post office. The officer checked the contents and compared them with the amount noted on the top. Then the item was closed with the wax seals. In this case the sender must have brought his seal with him if we can find it on the reverse.
Ciao, Thomas

the price of wax

verny - 2/13/2006 at 16:20

I seem to have some recollection also that there was a charge for the wax (1 kopeck I believe) and this could be avoided if the sender had his own with him

Gary - 10/30/2006 at 04:08

Larry Deschner contacted me and agreed to provide additional insight into this item. Below is that excellent input.

"Franz Deschner was born and lived in Mannheim (a German-Catholic community)
on the river Baraboi, about 40 km northwest from Odessa, Russia. Franz's
father was Heinrich Franz Deschner (b.1823), and his grandfather was Franz
Anton Deschner (b.1776) from Rastatt area of Germany. Franz had eleven
siblings and his main occupation was farmer.

Yours truly,
Larry Deschner (Franz was my grandfather's uncle):study