The Samovar

Brender Cover with Insert

jlechtanski - 2/23/2008 at 16:39

This is a Brender cover from Odessa with the same printed envelope and insert as previously posted by Rasputin. It is postmarked 22 Dec 1922 with 300 rubles in postage.

According to the handwritten information, the letter was to go to the Bessarabian town of Novaya Kiliya in Romania, (Romanian Chilia-Nouă;) which is now Kiliya in the Ukraine.

Kishinev, the address on Rasputin's insert, was also a Bessarabian town then in Romania (Romanian Chişinău) which is now Chişinău in Moldova.

As I surmised in a previous post, was the fact that Russia never recognized the Romanian acquisition of Bessarabia between 1918 and 1940 the reason that Dr. Brenderís service was required?



Brender Cover 001 Front.jpg - 174kB

Stamped side

jlechtanski - 2/23/2008 at 16:40





Brender Cover 001 Back.jpg - 219kB

One side of insert

jlechtanski - 2/23/2008 at 16:41





Brender Cover 001 Insert Side 1.jpg - 139kB

Other side of insert

jlechtanski - 2/23/2008 at 16:42





Brender Cover 001 Insert Side 2.jpg - 144kB

Lacplesis - 2/23/2008 at 18:44

Quote:
Originally posted by jlechtanski

As I surmised in a previous post, was the fact that Russia never recognized the Romanian acquisition of Bessarabia between 1918 and 1940 the reason that Dr. Brenderís service was required?


That is indeed a very reasonable theory. I hope someone knows a answer to that?

Lacplesis - 2/23/2008 at 20:18

You will not belive it! I found out some more information about Dr. B. since my post above.

The M. stands for Max and he was a Doctor of Law but worked by the record as an editor of some sort.

Lacplesis - 2/23/2008 at 21:07

According to the Shoa victims database a Max Brender (only two entries for this name, and probably both for the same person) was killed in a Ghetto in Bessarabia...

Lacplesis - 2/24/2008 at 08:22

Quote:
Originally posted by Lacplesis
Quote:
Originally posted by jlechtanski

As I surmised in a previous post, was the fact that Russia never recognized the Romanian acquisition of Bessarabia between 1918 and 1940 the reason that Dr. Brenderís service was required?


That is indeed a very reasonable theory. I hope someone knows a answer to that?


I found someone with an answer.... ;)

Quote:

The Ukrainan SR declared a postal boykott on the regions of the former Russian Empire occupied by Romania after WW1 in march or april 1921. After founding of the USSR this regulation was taken over by the USSR, but only for mail from the Ukraine until 1. Jul. 1924.


BINGO! Good work jlechtanski! :thumbup:

jlechtanski - 2/24/2008 at 09:59

Does anyone know why all these Brender covers were saved and how they eventually got into the hands of collectors?

Lacplesis - 2/24/2008 at 10:15

Good question!

I asked that back in 2004 in our magazine but recived no feedback.

If the covers were sold to a stamp dealer, it must have been after some length of time, because anytime near the date of use, most stamps would have been soaked of. Collecting covers was not that popular back then.
My guess was that the covers had been stored anywhere in Berlin, but did not show up before the end of WW2.
Most probably they were sold then in bundles, considering the amount of covers in question.
The sale of so much covers should have left traces, like dealers invoices or stamp magazin advertises.

No answer to that until now!

Lacplesis - 9/24/2008 at 07:15

I just found something real strange on the web:

http://www.cherrystoneauctions.com/_auction/results.asp?auct...

http://www.cherrystoneauctions.com/_auction/results.asp?auct...

Considered everything we know, all Brender cover should be from Ukraine.
Has anybody else ever noticed Brender covers from other regions?

No further results on my search at Berlin archives. To much was lost at the end of the war.


jlechtanski - 9/24/2008 at 09:39

The overwhelming majority of covers are from Ukraine, but I have covers from Moscow, Petrograd, Morshansk in Tambov Oblast, Kokand in Uzbekistan, and Ufa in Bashkortostan.

jlechtanski - 6/19/2009 at 15:59

A Brender cover with inserts on eBay:

http://cgi.ebay.com/ws/eBayISAPI.dll?ViewItem&item=36016...

Jeff - 6/19/2009 at 18:41

Dang! Sold for $5.

Unhinged - 6/19/2009 at 21:36

I must admit my confusion: why was this cover charged the April rate when it was mailed in the beginning of March? I do not understand the "Sent in period 1/3/22 to 31/3/22 on LAST DAY but charged at new rate valid from 1st April" part. It was sent 4/3 and arrived 16/3 according to the text.

Can anyone help the ignorant?

jlechtanski - 6/19/2009 at 21:45

Note that one insert indicates the enclosed letter was addressed to Аккерман (Akkerman) in the Bessarabian Guberniya. Of course from 1918 to 1940 it was actually in Romania and called Cetatea Albă. This is in line with my theory that Dr. Brenderís service was used to transfer letters from Russia to former Russian territory in Romania not recognized by Russia. Akkerman eventually wound up in Ukraine and is called Білгород-Дністровський (Bilhorod-Dnistrovsíkyi)

jlechtanski - 6/19/2009 at 22:08

I read the text as saying the letter was sent 31 March 1922 and arrived in Berlin 16 April 1922.

The period 1 March 1922 to 31 March 1922 was the period in which the 15,000 ruble (30,000 ruble registered) international letter rate was in effect. The rate changed to 30,000 rubles on 1 April.

The seller makes the assumption that there were four 750-ruble stamps on the cover equal to 30,000 rubles (or the 1 April rate).

Not being able to see the front of the cover, I wonder if it was actually sent (or was meant to be sent) registered.

jlechtanski - 6/21/2009 at 14:49

This time a Brender cover on eBay with a hand-written insert. I can make out "Bessarabia" in the insert.

http://cgi.ebay.com/RUSSIA-UKRAINE-1923-20R-REG-INFLATION-CO...

Gary - 6/21/2009 at 16:14

Maybe someone should put all the Brender information together as an article in the journal?