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Author: Subject: Why send to the Central Aid Committee?
Jeff
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[*] posted on 1/21/2008 at 11:24
Why send to the Central Aid Committee?


On Frame 2, chart 6 you show a letter sent to the Central Aid Committee (Jewish Relief?). Was this a normal form of correspondence from a prisoner, and if so, what form of support was the Central Aid Committee able to provide back to the prisoner?



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Rasputin
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[*] posted on 2/16/2008 at 19:36


In all probability the sender (a prisoner) wanted to get a letter to someone else. Although I am not certain that the Centralhilfskomite was a Jewish aid organization, two individuals whose opinions I respect - Steve Volis and Meer Kossoy - both seem to think that it was. Steve has seen quite a few Dr. Brender covers emanating from Odessa and environs, and he states that the great majority of sender names on the envelopes are Jewish. I am also indebted to Steve for the following four scans of a remarkable Dr. Brender cover in his collection; it still contains the original enclosure, which clearly outlines the procedure that the senders should follow. Since these forms were supposed to be removed from the envelopes, its presence here would seem to be thanks to a rare mistake on the part of some Centralhilfskomite worker. The obverse (scan 1) is self-explanatory. Note that it bears an Odessa 3-triangles postmark, indicative of clandestine mail surveillance. The reverse (scan 2) shows that the sender is a Dr. ?Kreymer? in Odessa, at the water-supply (Vodoprovod) "Dnestr Station." Scan #3 is the "obverse" of the form: "Letter No. 32993 I received. I am sending the enclosure for: Doctor Kreymer, Bessarabia, Kishinev, Pavlovskaya 6. My address in Russia: Odessa Water-Supply (System], Dnestr Station, B.I. Kreymer, M.D." Scan #4 reads: "You may send an answer to this letter in the following manner: Insert your letter in an envelope on which you must clearly write in Latin letters the address of the [intended] recipient, and make it out in detail. This envelope must [in turn] be placed within a second envelope (the postage required to send this to Berlin is covered by the sender) and addressed to: Dr. M. Brender, fuer Centralhilfskomite, Berlin SW. 47. Yorckstr. 84. We will immediately forward your letter to the specified address. To make registration operations easier, we ask that you fill out the other side of the card and return it to us together with your letter. Letter number: 32993."



Brender cover scan 1.jpg - 147kB
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Rasputin
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[*] posted on 2/16/2008 at 20:40
The reverse - Scan 2






Brender cover scan 2.jpg - 241kB




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[*] posted on 2/16/2008 at 20:41
Obverse of the form






Brender insert scan 3.jpg - 354kB




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[*] posted on 2/16/2008 at 20:41
Reverse of the form






Brender insert scan 4.jpg - 350kB




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[*] posted on 2/17/2008 at 05:31


Just to mention it:

There are quite a lot covers to the Brender organization with script adress to "central jewish relief committee" or "scandinavian jewish relife committee".
There is also a known type of this preprinted Brender covers with a return adress on the back:

Jewish Emigration Committee
affilaced with "HIAS" of America
Chisniau, Romania

The question about the "forwarding service" came up already in 2005 in "Deutsche Zeitschrift für Russland-Philatelie" (issues 81 and 82), but has not been answerd as of today.

I plan to go to Berlin in april or may for hunting "Doc Brender" in the archives.
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[*] posted on 2/19/2008 at 14:32


The American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee, JDC, was founded in 1914 shortly after the outbreak of World War I to send aid to the Jews of Palestine and eastern Europe who were in danger of starvation. The first call for help came in a telegram sent in August 1914 by United States Ambassador to Turkey Henry Morgenthau to prominent American Jewish leader Jacob Schiff requesting $50,000 for the Jews of Palestine. Subsequent pleas for help from Jewish communities in eastern Europe led to the formation of both the Central Relief Committee by American Orthodox Jews, and the American Jewish Relief Committee by prominent German-American Jews.

On November 27, 1914, the two groups agreed to coordinate the distribution of relief shipments to Jews overseas within a common framework – the Joint Distribution Committee of American Funds for the Relief of Jewish War Sufferers - under the chairmanship of Felix M. Warburg. They were joined in 1915 by the socialist People's Relief Committee. The diversity of the three groups comprising the JDC ensured that JDC would assist Jews of every religious and political persuasion. By the end of World War I, JDC's leaders had concluded that rescue and relief to Jews in need would not be sufficient. JDC should also undertake to rebuild Jewish communities in eastern Europe destroyed by the war. Thus, Rescue, Relief and Reconstruction began to emerge as the threefold mission of JDC.

During the course of World War I, JDC raised more than $16,000,000 for relief supplies. These funds were distributed overseas by local committees in Europe and Palestine.

Immediately following World War I, in coordination with the American Relief Administration, JDC sent convoys of trucks with food, clothing and medicines to Jewish communities in eastern Europe which had been devastated by the war and by the subsequent regional conflicts and pogroms. Teams of JDC representatives brought in these supplies and established soup kitchens to ward off starvation. The situation in Poland and Russia at that time was still unstable and private militias roamed the countryside. In 1920 two JDC workers, R. Israel Friedlander and Bernard Cantor, were murdered by a Red Army militia.

At the same time that immediate relief needs were being addressed, JDC turned its attention to the rebuilding of Jewish communities in eastern Europe. In the area of health care, JDC financed the repair of damaged Jewish hospitals, provided medical equipment and supplies, and sent more than one hundred doctors, social workers and public health experts from the United States under the direction of Dr. Boris Bogen to institute health programs and train local medical personnel. In 1921, JDC initiated the founding of a local medical society in Poland, TOZ (Towarzystwo Ochrony Zdrowia Ludnosci Zydowskiej), Society for Safeguarding the Health of the Jewish Population) to supervise these medical activities. JDC also supported OZE, the Russian Jewish Health Organization.
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[*] posted on 9/20/2008 at 06:49
ARA in Moscow in 1921-22


In the Vsya Moskva - All Moscow of 1922 (probably compiled in late 1921), the A.R.A. is listed as a Society.

The "ARA" (American Relief Administration - Amerikansk. Administratsiya pomoshchi golodayushchim) was located at Spiridonovka #17.

The warehouse was located at the corner of Neglinn. Lane and Petrovsk. Blvd. (near the restaurant Ehrmitazh).

The hours of distribution were 9:30-12:30 and 1:30-4:30 daily except for Saturdays and holidays. Their telephone number was 3-35-61:wow:
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[*] posted on 9/20/2008 at 08:16


In the 1923 Vsya Moskva, they list the ARA "Joint" effort - Amerikanskaya organizatsiya pomoshchi golodayushchim "dzhoint." It was located at Bol'shaya Nikitskaya #43a.

The Director was named Rozen, the Chief of the Admin Section was named Dzhims, and the Secretary was named Nettser.
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[*] posted on 4/1/2009 at 19:12


Quote: Originally posted by Lacplesis  
Just to mention it:

There are quite a lot covers to the Brender organization with script adress to "central jewish relief committee" or "scandinavian jewish relife committee".
There is also a known type of this preprinted Brender covers with a return adress on the back:

Jewish Emigration Committee
affilaced with "HIAS" of America
Chisniau, Romania

The question about the "forwarding service" came up already in 2005 in "Deutsche Zeitschrift für Russland-Philatelie" (issues 81 and 82), but has not been answerd as of today.

I plan to go to Berlin in april or may for hunting "Doc Brender" in the archives.


Laplesis, are you still planning a trip to Berlin?




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[*] posted on 4/1/2009 at 19:42


Here is the address of the German Jewish Museum:

Jewish Museum Berlin
Lindenstraße 9-14, 10969 Berlin

http://www.jmberlin.de/site/DE/homepage.php




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[*] posted on 4/2/2009 at 15:47


Yes, I'm still on it. Berlin seems to be no help, so the trip there is postponed until I get more informations.

As far I can tell some things Dr. Brender did NOT do. :(

He did not work as a lawyer in Berlin.
He did not belong to the Berlin jewish community.
He left no trace in the habbitants register, or they have been destroyed during the war.
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[*] posted on 4/2/2009 at 18:32


Yes, Dr. Brender is a mystery. Not much trace of him on the Internet. As a matter of fact, a Google search on Dr. Brender brings you right back to the Samovar.



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[*] posted on 2/1/2011 at 16:16


Spin this text to add variation to your comments. I am also indebted to Steve for the following four scans of a remarkable Dr. We will immediately forward your letter to the specified address. The diversity of the three groups comprising the JDC ensured that JDC would assist Jews of every religious and political persuasion. JDC should also undertake to rebuild Jewish communities in eastern Europe destroyed by the war. These funds were distributed overseas by local committees in Europe and Palestine. Teams of JDC representatives brought in these supplies and established soup kitchens to ward off starvation. The situation in Poland and Russia at that time was still unstable and private militias roamed the countryside. Boris Bogen to institute health programs and train local medical personnel. Not much trace of him on the Internet. Brender brings you right back to the Samovar.
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[*] posted on 10/10/2011 at 01:06


Resurrecting this topic in order to point out a recent article on Dr Brender by Arne Niederhut in the Deutsche Zeitschrift fur Russland-Philatelie:

http://www.arge-russland.de/1617920.htm

(For those not reading German, like myself, an automatic translator, with some corrections, will give most of the necessary information) :)
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[*] posted on 10/10/2011 at 10:44


Very cool! Here is the page using Google translator. Very awkward translation, but useful.

http://translate.google.com/translate?sl=auto&tl=en&...
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[*] posted on 10/10/2011 at 11:14


Jeff,

yes, there is really interesting research and information in this article.

If my understanding of the translation is correct, Niederhut's supposition is that Dr Brender acted as an intermediate in the transmission of letters from Jewish residents of the Ukraine to ex-compatriots in Romanian-occupied Bessarabia. This is consistent with the enclosure shown by Rasputin in this thread, that bears a Bessarabian address (in Kishivev) as the ultimate destination of the letter enclosed in the envelope sent to Berlin.

It would seem, however, that Niederhut has not seen such forms.
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[*] posted on 10/14/2011 at 10:22


I posted a Brender cover with an insert addressed to Bessarabia back in 2008.

Here is the thread if anyone is interested:

http://www.rossica.org/Samovar/viewthread.php?tid=1891#pid12...
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[*] posted on 10/15/2011 at 11:41


Thank you for the reminder, jlechtanski!

Apparently, significant pieces of information regarding the purpose of Dr Brender's service had already appeared in the Samovar in 2008/2009, long before Niederhut's 2011 article in DZRP.
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