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Author: Subject: A St Petersburg local RR find
David Jay
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[*] posted on 10/6/2013 at 23:15
A St Petersburg local RR find


Below is an image of a cover with a very scarce St Petersburg local RR cancel. This example, canceled with a Peterhof V' Krasnom Cel', marking comes very early in the postal history of the mail service via the local RR. Though service began in the 1830s, postal marking begin in the 1870s, and this particular mark appears in only a very small number of cases, none later than 1871. This letter letter was sent from Peterhof via St Petersburg (1 Eksped, 30/6/1871), Tver (1/7/1871) and Kalyazin (4/7/1871). Little is known about this mark (for example, why it is not seen later), and neither Dobin nor Baillie and Peel provide any real information regarding it, though both recognize its existence. Dobin gives
a time period of 1871 to 1892, the latter probably an indication of when he thought its use should have ceased. As noted already, its known period of use is only up to 1871. B&P suggest that "early closure of the line to Krasno Selo could contribute to the rarity of this Subtype." But I don't know when this line closed.

So far as I have been able to determine, the postal history of this mark consists of:
1) a letter in the Timo Bergholm collection sent, apparently from Peterhof via St Petersburg (though it was canceled in SPB), to Finland 15/6/1870. This may be the earliest of all known St Pet local RR covers, though Dobin mentions a piece dated 1870 in the Popov museum (likely a different mark, however). The canceler on this example has a fresh, clean appearance, suggesting that it was new.
2. The letter shown here, sent in June 1871.
3) A letter, also in the Bergholm collection and from the same correspondence as in 1), again sent to Finland, and dated 4/7/1871, a few days after my example.
4) A loose stamp (10k, Sc #15), with a partial cancel. While no date can be assigned to use of this stamp, #15 was mostly replaced by #23 by 1870, so an earlier usage date is possible.

KrasnomSel_front.jpg - 254kB KrasnomSel_back.jpg - 181kB
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David Jay
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[*] posted on 10/6/2013 at 23:17
closeup of cancel


see attached. This appears to be the exact same canceler as in the Bergholm examples, but the illustration in Dobin differs in details (e.g.,) the final period, so it is possible that other cancelers exist, or other uses.

KrasnomSel1871_cancel_detail.jpg - 145kB
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stamplover
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[*] posted on 10/12/2013 at 13:44


According to Russian sources, the RR line from SPB to Krasnoe Selo was opened in 1858-9 and has never been closed. On the contrary, in 1874 it was extended to Gatchina.
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verny
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[*] posted on 1/31/2014 at 06:31
Russian Railways


Whilst the first Public service Railway, the SPB - Tsarskoe Selo line was opened in 1837 no other public railway was opened until 1851 with the opening of the SPB-Moscow railway.
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